Friday, 6 November 2015

Difference between Interface and Abstract class

A very common asked in interview at all levels Freshers as well as Experienced level.Interface and Abstrat class.forms the basics of are some differences between the two.

Abstract Class
An abstract class can provide complete, default code and/or just the details that have to be overridden.
An interface cannot provide any code at all, just the signature.
In case of abstract class, a class may extend only one abstract class.
A Class may implement several interfaces.
An abstract class can have non-abstract methods.
All methods of an Interface are abstract.
An abstract class can have instance variables.
An Interface cannot have instance variables.
An abstract class can have any visibility: public, private, protected.
An Interface visibility must be public (or) none.
If we add a new method to an abstract class then we have the option of providing default implementation and therefore all the existing code might work properly.
If we add a new method to an Interface then we have to track down all the implementations of the interface and define implementation for the new method.
An abstract class can contain constructors.
An Interface cannot contain constructors.
Abstract classes are fast.
Interfaces are slow as it requires extra indirection to find corresponding method in the actual class.

Prepare well.Enjoy Reading.

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